Zambia is a relatively peaceful country, with a reputation for political stability and relative transparency. However, poverty is widespread and a low life expectancy is coupled with one of the highest death rates in the world, largely attributed to the prevalence of HIV & AIDS. The national health system is relatively weak, with major deficits in its healthcare workforce and infrastructure. Despite its notable efforts to improve governance and transparency in recent years, there remain significant national health challenges, particularly among the most vulnerable groups of women and girls, newborns, and children under five years of age. As noted in the US Global Health Initiative’s 2011-2015 strategy for Zambia, the country is at a critical stage of its development as it establishes its footing as a lower middle income country while taking on additional country ownership efforts. There is strong political will to drive forward country ownership.
“The partnership with the Ministry of Health and co-investment that the Government of Zambia has made in fighting HIV gives hope that Zambia will be one of the first countries to truly achieve an AIDS-free generation”
– Dr. Lawrence Marum, former Country Director for Zambia, US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)